Dong Nai is a province which has high mushroom output in the South Vietnam. Mushrooms produced from this province is mainly consumed in Ho Chi Minh City market and for export. Mushroom cultivation has helped many households in this province gain much profit.
At present, there are 1,400 mushroom-growing households in the whole province. In Dong Nai, the kinds of mushrooms are being grown large quantities such as wood ear, straw, oyster mushrooms. Mushrooms are grown on a large scale and specialized in each region such as Long Khanh town, Trang Bom district, Xuan Loc and Nhon Trach.
In Dong Nai, wood ear mushroom accounts for about 60% of the total output and the rest are straw, oyster, lingzhi mushroom. On average, each household grows 30 thousand bags per year and 150 thousand bags per year with the households growing more mushrooms. Every year, Dong Nai produces thousands of tons of mushrooms to supply the domestic market and export.
At the conference on “Actual situation of manufacturing and some solutions to developing mushroom business at the provinces of South Vietnam”, Dong Nai is considered one of the potential provinces in terms of developing mushroom business. The market consumption of mushrooms is relatively various. In addition to domestic market, Vietnamese mushrooms are exported to over 30 countries and there is increase in export turnover year on year.
According to Dr. Pham Van Du, the Deputy Director of Horticulture, Vietnam is growing about 16 kinds of mushrooms. Annual output reaches 250 thousand tons of fresh mushrooms, export turnover reaches $60 million in 2009 and increases $ 90 million in 2011. Sources of materials for growing mushrooms in Vietnam are abundant and various such as straw, sawdust, bagasse, corn cobs, etc. Material output reaches up to 40 million tons. If farmers use 10-15% of these materials for growing mushrooms can produce 1 million tons of mushrooms per year and thousands of tons of compost. Besides, mushroom cultivation does not require much investment capitals, is suitable for the small lands and takes advantages of rural labor of many ages.
The weather of the provinces of South Vietnam is very favorable for developing the kinds of mushrooms throughout the year, according to the scientists. In hot and sunny weather all year round, mushroom cultivation can be developed, especially straw, lingzhi, oyster, wood ear mushrooms. For the provinces of North Vietnam, cold winter is suitable for developing mushroom business such as champignon, shiitake and oyster mushrooms. Current demand for mushroom consumption in the international market increases more and more because mushrooms are not only a delicious food but also take effect on boosting resistance power, anti-aging and reducing the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the export market of salt and canned champignon, straw mushrooms is very wide and domestic mushroom output does not meet large orders.
Opportunities for mushroom business
Pursuant to Decision No. 439 of Prime Minister dated 16 April 2012, edible and medicinal mushrooms are included in the list of national products which are preferred for investment. Following this Decision, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is conducting the scheme of developing mushroom business by 2020. The main objectives of this scheme are to produce edible and medicinal mushrooms on the basis of commodity-oriented aspect, step-by-step apply high technology, closely link research, production, storage, processing, consumption with building brands for Vietnamese mushrooms on the international market and make contribution to the increase in incomes for rural areas.
It is expected that Vietnam will have produced and consumed about 400 thousand tons of mushrooms of all kinds and export turnover will have reached $ 150-200 million per year by 2015. And mushroom production and consumption will have increased 1 million tons per year, provided 1 million jobs for rural workers and given export value to $ 450-500 million per year by 2020.
Mr. Bui Ba Bong, the Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, emphasizes that with a view to developing mushroom cultivation, in addition to promoting the scientific study on mushrooms, selecting mushroom varieties which give high yield and good quality are what we must do to completely build mushroom business from the central government to governments at a subnational level, closely link between production and consumption. Simultaneously, we have to promote marketing, propagating and human resources training. Then, the objectives of producing 1 million tons in 2020 will be at our reach.
Dong Nai is supporting local people with mushroom cultivation by ways of training, transferring science and technology, supporting joint ventures between enterprises and farmers to consume the output. Many mushroom-growing households have become wealthier thanks to mushroom business. For example, Mr. Ngoc at Bau Tram commune (Long Khanh town), Mr. Dinh at Song Trau commune (Trang Bom district), Mr. Kiem at Gia Ray town (Xuan Loc district).
Mr. Phan Minh Bau, the Deputy Director of Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said: “Mushroom cultivation in Dong Nai is aiming at producing goods with a variety of species, good quality to meet domestic market and for export”. To achieve this, the province encourages mushroom-growing households connect together into cooperative business and towards the establishment of a mushrooms cooperative. In addition, the province is planning on developing mushroom business on the basis of each region, thereby building mechanism and policies to support the development of mushroom growing households.
According to Dong Nai Newspaper – Translated by Hoang Oanh