Pharmaceutical value of edible and medicinal mushrooms (cont)


Lingzhi mushroom (also being known as Ganoderma lucidum)

Being widely-known for more than 2000 years, lingzhi mushroom, a type of fungus, has highly pharmaceutical value and contains biologically active compounds such as triterpenoid saponins, polysaccharides, steroids, macroelements and trace elements. Such compounds mentioned above, which are mainly located at the cap and spore of lingzhi mushroom, help a body protect itself against inflammation and fat fiber circuit, stabilize blood pressure, improve and restore liver function and cancer treatment as well. Aside from these, lingzhi mushroom may defend against oxidation thanks to triterpenoid saponins and polyphenols. China and Vietnam have proven that lingzhi mushroom may eliminate hydroxyl free radicals and improve the ability of anti-aging.

Trametes versicolor

Trametes versicolor plays a role in support of cancer treatment and improves the immune system thanks to polysaccharides PSK and PSP. Japan frequently uses drugs called Krestin and extracted from trametes versicolor to treat cancers.


Cordyceps is a common name identifying the Cordiceps mushrooms including Cordiceps sinensis and Cordiceps militaris.

Cordyceps sinensis is sweet and acrid in taste and warm in nature. In ancient times, only kings or governors use such cordiceps sinensis because of its scarcity. China utilizes cordiceps in order to play as a kidney and lung care drug, increases the production of blood cells, restore the body after being exhausted or extending of deseases. Cordyceps is also used as tonic drug being cooked with duck meat.

Cordyceps contains 17 amino acids, fatty oil, many of the trace elements and other biologically active substances. Cordyceps enhances the immune system of the body, nourishs the lung and kidney, stops bleeding, dissolves phlegm, treats asthma and impotence, etc.

At present, China is the largest manufacturer of Cordiceps sinensis and Cordiceps militaris.

Fu Ling (Poria cocos) (also known as hoelen, poria, tuckahoe)

Fu Ling is a type of fungus that grows on the roots of pine trees and deep underground. It is believed that Fu ling mushroom is likely considered as the soul of pine tree. Fu ling mushroom in big size may weigh up to 10 kg. Its cover is black grey in color while its pore is white or rather pink grey. Chemical composition of Fu Ling mushroom includes 3 groups of substance as follows:

– Triterpen

– Sugar substances: pachyman sugar of Fu Ling mushroom may account for up to 75%

– ergosterol, choline, histidine, etc.

The effects of Fu Ling mushroom: Fu Ling mushroom is sweet in taste, neutral in nature and affiliated with 5 parts such as heart, lung, kidney, spleen and taste. Being often used as the tonic drug, it helps to discharge damp, keep calm and treat the cases of insomnia, fear or spermatorrhea.

Fu Ling is often included in Chinese herbs prescription. It is a white and small cubic and used as tonic drug. Fu Ling appears in large quantity in China. In Vietnam, Fu Ling is recorgnized to develop naturally but not yet being grown in Da Lat. Fu Ling that is used at present is Chinese herb.

Zhu ling (Polyporus umbellatus)

Zhu ling mushroom is a type of sclerotia – forming fungus and the fruiting bodies of this mushroom are made up of numerous caps.

Nutritious ingredients: 8% protein; 47% cellulose; 5% carbohydrate; 7% sol.

Regarding to the pharmaceutical value of this mushroom, we have to express that Zhu ling mushroom have anticancer and anti inflammatory benefits. Especially, Zhu Ling mushroom helps the patients who have faced up to lung cancer and taken radiation eat well, reduce pain and boost the functions of the immune system. Ying (1987) who took a mouse experiment realized that this mushroom would help to reduce 70% tumor. Miyaski (1983) saw that Zhu ling mushroom would prevent the body from sarcoma. According to Bo and Yun-sun (1985), the Chinese pharmacists, they have utilized the substances extracted from the scherotia of Zhu ling mushroom to treat the deseases such as lung cancer, cervical cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer and lymphangioma.

As originating from the cold weather, Zhu Ling mushroom is mainly grown in China. Fresh mushroom is used as food while sclerotica of this mushroom is exported. This mushroom has not been grown in Vietnam and North America yet.

Translated by Hoang Oanh – The Mushrooms World (Source: Master Co Duc Trong)


Ganoderma lucidum has potential to treat prostate cancer

There is a new development in our fight against cancer. A study at University of Haifa showed promising result for prostate cancer treatment. The active components in Ganoderma Lucidum is found to suppress some mechanisms involved in prostate cancer progression.

Ganoderma lucidum

Ganoderma lucidum or Linhzhi (Reishi) mushroom

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How to choose the best Ganoderma extract

Confused about the many Ganoderma extract supplements in the market? How to check whether the Ganoderma product you’re taking now is good?

You may find many Ganoderma extract supplements in the market due to its increasing worldwide popularity. It ranges from Ganoderma coffee to Ganoderma extract powder. All these supplements are claimed to have significant healing effects.

However, we may or may not feel the claimed health benefits. Below are 5 factors you must consider when choosing Ganoderma herbal supplements.

 1) Ganoderma extract or grinding

Some company simply grinds this herb into powder form. Some uses high technology extraction method to extract only its essences into powder form.

Extraction concentration can be as high as 16 to 1. That means, 1000kg of this fungus is extracted to only 60kg. One capsule of Ganoderma extract at 16 to 1 concentration is equivalent to 16 capsules of the grinded one.

Needless to say, Ganoderma herb supplement using extraction method is many times more effective and purer than grinding method.

 2) Capsulated or log wood cultivation

Most Ganoderma products are capsulated (vacuum packing) cultivated using wooden crams and chemicals. This produces softer fruit body with less active components for effective health improvement.

Because of the chemicals used, some may even be contaminated with toxics and even heavy metals such as mercury.

Meanwhile, log wood cultivated Ganoderma is a few times more potent in its medicinal values. It is purer with higher content of beneficial active components.

However, this cultivation method is much more expensive in term of the space used and time required. So, many manufacturers prefer to use capsulated cultivated Ganoderma.

 3) Ganoderma spore powder

Spore powder is the most precious part of Ganoderma herb with the most concentration of active components like Organic Germanium, Polysaccharides and Triterpenes.

Choose Ganoderma extract with spore powder for better results. Make sure the spore shell is broken to release its essences.

4) International quality certification

Of course, we would better select a manufacturer with experience and excellent production quality control. This ensures the quality consistence of their supplement product, all the time.

 5) Percentage of Ganoderma extract

Some manufacturer includes a tiny fraction of Ganoderma into their herb supplement, mixed with other ingredients. As such, the healing effect is far less than the pure one.

However, some acclaimed pure Ganoderma extract may not be pure at all. Maybe 20% is Ganoderma and the rest is filler. This is another point of concern – the honesty and credibility of manufacturer.


How to Make Reishi Tinctures With Vodka

Reishi mushrooms have been used for their health benefits for more than 2,000 years in China and Japan. In modern America, reishi tincture is utilized regularly in the realm of herbal medicine to treat cancer, asthma, AIDS/HIV and even diabetes. This powerful tincture sells on the market for roughly $25 per ounce. Tradition dictates that the best time to begin brewing this tincture is on the night of a new moon.


Things You’ll Need

  • 200 grams dried reishi mushrooms
  • 1 liter vodka
  • 3 1-liter canning jars
  • 2 paper bags
  • Cheesecloth
  • Labels
  • Marker
  1. Start the tincture on a new moon night, as the gravitational forces are believed to aid in the extraction from the mushrooms.

  2. Chop the dried mushrooms into fine pieces, or alternatively, place them in a coffee grinder to form a powder.

  3. Divide the mushrooms between two canning jars and add half a liter of vodka to each jar.

  4. Place the jars into paper bags and shake them daily for one month.

  5. Remove the tinctures from their bags. Place a piece of cheesecloth over the last canning jar and strain the tincture through the cloth and into the new jar.

  6. Label the new jar with the date and type of tincture. Tinctures will keep their potency for six months. At that point, discard the old tincture and make a fresh batch.

How to Make Homemade Reishi Tincture With Vodka

By Christa Titus, eHow Contributor

Reishi mushrooms have been praised as “the medicine of kings” due to the wide range of health benefits that Eastern medical practitioners attribute to them. The fungus helps the body maintain its natural balance by bolstering its immune system. The mushrooms can potentially assist in combating such diseases as AIDS, cancer and cardiovascular ailments, along with problems like insomnia and anxiety. Red reishi mushrooms are considered the most potent due to their polysaccharide content. (Polysaccharides are the carbohydrate structures that actually attack diseases.)

Instructions: How to Prepare Reishi Tincture

  1. Chop 7 ozs. of red reishi mushrooms into small pieces.
  2. Place the chopped mushrooms into a 32-oz. canning jar.
  3. Add 32 ozs. of 100-proof vodka to the jar.
  4. Screw the lid onto the jar.

  5. Keep the jar in a place that is dark and dry for 28 days. You can leave the mushrooms to marinate for a further 28 days if you want a really strong tincture.

  6. Shake the jar every day to agitate the solution.
  7. Hold a strainer over the top of an empty 32-oz. jar.
  8. Pour the tincture into the strainer to catch the mushrooms and to collect the liquid in the empty jar.
  9. Lay the saturated mushrooms on a twice-folded layer of cheesecloth and wrap the cloth around them.
  10. Hold the cheesecloth over the canning jar containing the tincture and squeeze it to get as much alcohol as you can out of it.
  11. Seal the jar and, between uses, store it in the place where you first marinated the tincture.

Tips & Warnings

  • Don’t use a premium brand of vodka (like Grey Goose or Belvedere) to make a tincture. Purchasing alcohol by the gallon, like Popov, is much more economical.

Reishi Slices Red Date Tea

Ingredients: (2 servings)

Mikei Reishi Slices 4 to 6 gm
Red Date 9 pieces


1. Wash red dates and remove seeds.
2. Bring 4 to 5 bowls of water with reishi slices and red dates to boil.
3. Cook over low heat until one bowl of water remains.


Improve immune system, strengthen body strength and enhance complexion.


Reishi Slices Enoke Big Bean Sprout Meat Soup

Ingredients: (3 – 4 servings)

Mikei Reishi Slice: 6 gm
Enoke: 100 gm
Big Bean Sprout: 150 gm
Ginger: 2 slices
Lean Meat: 200 gm

Preparation Method:

1.Wash all ingredients. Cut meat in slices.
2.Remove roots from enoke and big bean sprout. Remove ginger skin and cut in slices.
3.Heat oil in skillet, add in ginger, stir for a minute and fry big bean sprout until tender.
4.Bring eight bowls of water with Reishi slices to boil.
5.Add in all other ingredients and cook in low heat for two hours.
6.Add salt to season.


Invigorate the function of the spleen and stomach, lower cholesterol, induce diuresis.